Sunday, August 31, 2008

Ivan's R32

You all remember my good buddy, Ivan and his white R32. It's the one with the uncommon wide body kit on it. He had a decent amount of modifications done to it. After replacing his RB20 with an RB26 from a GT-R, it was time his car got a new coat of paint. Although many of us wanted him to keep his R32 white, he wasn't too fond of it after realizing one day that his car looked exactly like a few of the R32's around, especially a certain 'someone' running Quarter Mile a garage in Sunway.

So one day, he decided to paint his car hot pink! Yes, I know! What in the world was he thinking?!?! After trying to convince him that the R32 will not pull pink off very well, he still insisted he wanted to do it. One Thursday evening, he sent me a message saying his 'pink' car is out. I was really disappointed...

I had put off seeing his car until Sunday came and we decided to meet up for a short drink and catch up. We met at the Jaya One mamak as the usual Old Town Kopitiam was full. As I entered the parking area, I kept looking out for a bright flashy pink car. No way was I going to miss spotting it. However, after I made my way through the cars and swore to myself that I had better get my eyes checked as there was no pink car at first glance. Then this caught my eyes...

He had tricked everyone in to thinking he was really going pink. This 'Sea Blue Crystal' wasn't so bad. Looks better than I expected I must say. The color kind of reminds me of Domenic's car of Autostyle Performance Cars in Sydney. If you'd like to know more about this car, head to and read their 'Extreme V-Spec' article.

Or this Do-Luck R34... An article of this car can be found on at their 'Do-Luck Nissan Skyline GTR34' feature.

As well as this privately owned Do-Luck Kitted R34 in the UK. More pictures can be found on the forums.

Anyway, back to Ivan's car... After a short drink, we headed home to snap some pictures of his new colored 'Sea Blue Crystal' R32...

Enkei RPF-1 in 18 x 10.5jj Offset +15. R32 GT-R brakes behind them.

The 'Sea Blue Crystal' paint really wraps around his D-Max wide body kit nicely doesn't it. Although right now the kit is only seen on the rears (the fronts were lost in a drifting mishap), the standard R32 GT-R will have to do for now.

His wheels need refurbishing too...

The interior. He installed a roll cage as he was previously drifting.

Oooohh, cut off switch.

Nismo gauge he got from the half-cut he bought for the RB26 transplant.

Some Defi meters hooked up to keep you aware of the important readings.

Roll cage...

Nismo R32 seats.

The engine bay. Nice RB26 sitting where the RB20 use to be. You can spot the Trust/Greddy Oil Filter relocation kit which leads to the Oil Cooler. Greddy intercooler pipes which lead to a BNR34 intercooler. There is also a lovely Sard 3 core aluminum radiator sitting in the front.

Some M's Sports pods.

The Border Carbon Fiber bonnet.

Ganador Super Side Mirrors.

Wise Square LED Tail Lights.

Apex'i Exhaust.

Here are two short clips of Ivan's car.

Starting up...

Ivan heading home... burning some rubber along the way *laughs*.

If you're interested in looking for Ivan regarding work on your car, he can be reached at;

Ivan Tan - 012-6690525

Monster Pit (TM Motors Sdn Bhd)
Lot 402, 5 3/4 Miles,
Old Klang Road 58000,
Kuala Lumpur.

car-evolutioncars TRIVIA: Patent No. DBP 854.157, life-saver of thousands


Stuttgart, Germany, Jul 19, 2002

* The mastermind: B�la Bar�nyi and the invention of the crumple zone.

* Rigid passenger cell, interior designed so as to reduce injury hazards in an accident: Mercedes-Benz 220, 220 S, 220 SE model year 1959

* "Terracruiser": B�la Bar�nyi�s portion to the company and other milestones

On January 23, 1951, Daimler-Benz AG applied for patent number DBP 854.157, using the unadorned description of "Motor vehicles especially for the transportation of people". Behind this was concealed no less than the invention of the crumple zone. A patent which in the following decades revolutionised the entire automotive industry and became the decisive factor in "passive safety". In more recent times, it has even been applied in railway locomotive and car design.

The ingenious mastermind of the idea was B�la Bar�nyi for whom the maxim of the time � "a safe car must not yield but be stable" � was completely inappropriate. He was the first to discover that in a collision, kinetic energy must be absorbed through deformation in order for the occupants to be protected. He logically split the car body into three "boxes": a soft front section, a rigid passenger cell and a soft rear section. The patent was granted on August 28, 1952.

Rigid passenger cell, interior designed so as to reduce injury hazards in an accident

On a global scale, Bar�nyi's safety bodywork made its debut in production cars in the first six-cylinder Mercedes-Benz 220, 220 S and 220 SE models of 1959, their most striking feature being distinctive tail fins. Developments under the engine hood were equally revolutionary: the steering gear moved far to the rear and the auxiliary units were arranged in such a way so as not to form blocks with each other in the event of a collision, but rather to slip past one another, permitting more effective crumpling of the bodywork. Inside this Mercedes, the most significant improvement was only to be detected after giving it a second look: for the first time ever, the interior was completely redesigned so as to reduce the injury hazard in an accident.

Hard or sharp-edged controls were replaced by yielding, rounded or recessed units, combined with recessed door handles, a dashboard which yielded on impact, padded window ledges, window winders, armrests and sun visors and a steering wheel that featured a large padded boss. Under heavy impact, the rear-view mirror was released from its bracket. In 1961, anchorage points for seat belts were fitted as standard in the "tail fin". Lap belts were available from 1957, and the first diagonal shoulder belts appeared in 1962. Round-shoulder tyres also made their debut on this car.

"Terracruiser": B�la Bar�nyi�s portion to the company and other milestones

In October 1948, engineer and inventor B�la Bar�nyi signed his new employment contract with Daimler-Benz AG, where he had worked previously between 1939 and 1946. He contributed his concept for a "car of the future for the two-to-three litre class", the "Terracruiser" as he called it, which had been in development for several years.

Striking at first glance on this design was the car's body, which was split into three sections, giving it a front end, a passenger compartment and a tail. The two outer sections were strictly separated by the passenger cell which itself was flexibly mounted in a "cradle position". This mounting was to absorb vibrations as well as offer protection in the event of a collision. One other thing: to protect the driver as effectively as possible in a lateral crash, the driver�s seat, including all instruments and controls, was arranged centrally in a complex "bridge". The Terracruiser was designed as a three-box body with outstanding aerodynamic efficiency.

Bar�nyi developed a huge range of trailblazing safety elements alongside the Terracruiser. These include such essentials as the safety steering column, the steering wheel impact absorber, the "disappearing windscreen wiper" and, highly important for interior safety, the protective side molding. His modular design principle, which he developed so early on, has become relevant only recently. By the end of his professional career, the restless B�la Bar�nyi was able to call 2,500 patents his own.

Copyright � 2008, car-evolutioncars. All rights reserved.

Hyundai Sonata Hybrid to debut at LA autoshow

Hyundai is to show a petrol/electric Sonata saloon at the Los Angeles autoshow in November. This will have new generation lithium-ion batteries, and will be based on the facelifted 2009 Sonata sedan. However, it will not reach production until 2010.

Hyundai is not importing the revised Sonata to the UK, thanks to very slow sales. Instead, it is waiting for its all new mid-sized model, dubbed i40. This comes to Europe in late 2010, and will be completely different to the U.S Sonata. The i40 will be available as a sedan and wagon, with the latter expected to be the most popular in the UK.

Heated seats can affect men's fertility

Men who use heated car seats may be putting their fertility at risk, according to research by scientists in Germany.

A study, undertaken at the University of Giessen in Germany and reported in the New Scientist magazine, reveals that heated seats could damage sperm production by raising men�s temperature to unhealthy levels. Scientists tested the effect of heated car seats on 30 healthy men. They were asked to sit on different types of car seats for 90 minutes. The scientists said that on unheated seats the average temperature of the scrotum was 36.7�C, but on the heated car seats the average was 37.3�C. One man�s scrotum was measured at 39.7�C after sitting on a heated seat.

The discovery follows warnings that keeping a mobile phone in a trouser pocket for too long or extensive use of a laptop can also impact on fertility. An optimal temperature of 35-36�C is needed to produce healthy sperm.

Most new cars have heated seats as standard or as an option.

Hyundai recalls 65,000 Elantra sedans (U.S)

Hyundai Motor America has issued a recall affecting 65,000 units of the Elantra for a fuel pump defect. It affects MY2008 models produced between 5th November 2007 and 28th June 2008.

The defective fuel pump may lose pressure and hinder the engine's performance. All affected models are equipped with the 2.0 litre Beta 4-cylinder engine that produces 138bhp. Injuries have not been reported due to this defect. Hyundai USA has said that its dealers will replace the fuel pump for free. The recall is expected to begin in during September 2008.

Produced in Hyundai's Ulsan plant in South Korea, the Elantra is the second best selling Hyundai in the U.S, behind the Sonata.

car-evolutioncars TRIVIA: B�la Bar�nyi: 100th anniversary of the pioneer of passive safety


Stuttgart, Germany, Mar 01, 2007

B�la Bar�nyi - the pioneer of passive safety [PART 1]

* B�la Bar�nyi admitted to the European Automotive Hall of Fame

* The engineer whose inventions revolutionized automobile passive safety

* Granted more than 2500 patents for his inventions

On March 6, 2007, B�la Bar�nyi, the pioneer in passive safety development, will be admitted to the European Hall of Fame in Geneva. He would have been 100 years old on May 1.

B�la Bar�nyi was the precursor of passive safety in automotive development. His patents, including the rigid passenger cell with crumple zones and the safety steering system, have had a lasting impact on modern automotive design. With over 2,500 patents to his name, B�la Bar�nyi was one of the most creative and most productive automotive developers. The latest evolutionary milestone in a string of epoch-making developments for enhanced automotive safety in the history of Mercedes-Benz is PRO-SAFE�, a comprehensive safety philosophy representing the state of the art.

Bar�nyi, born on March 1, 1907, was interested in cars right from his childhood days. This passion became a career, and later a vocation. As soon as he had completed his studies he started attracting attention with innovations for increased passive safety in automobiles. The idea quickly formed in his mind of dividing the structure of a motor vehicle into sections, so that the energy from a collision would be absorbed, protecting the occupants from the full effects of the impact. In 1937 he applied for a patent for a �motor vehicle with body divided into three parts,� which he then progressively refined over the following years.

In 1939 Bar�nyi joined Daimler-Benz AG, where he was given considerable freedom to pursue his ideas. His first project was a new type of platform frame for the Mercedes-Benz 170 V convertible (model series W 136), providing greater protection for the vehicle occupants in the event of a lateral impact. But it was only many years later that the concept was implemented at series production level, in the W 120 �Ponton,� or three-box body model series, introduced in 1953.

The patent application for a passenger car body structure with rigid passenger compartment and crumple zones was filed in 1951, and the first vehicle constructed according to this patent was the Mercedes-Benz model series W 111 of 1959. In an accident, the front and rear frame structures are deliberately designed to deform and absorb the energy from the collision, leaving the passengers sitting in a strong, rigid cage structure.

The W 111 model series also saw the debut of another major Bar�nyi innovation, subsequently incorporated in all Mercedes-Benz vehicles: the safety steering-wheel. The structure, based on one of the inventor�s very early ideas, is based on an impact plate with a large surface area and a steering column with a plastically deformable element between the impact absorber and the actual steering column. This forestalls the �lance effect� of the steering column projected towards the driver in a frontal collision. This was followed a few years later with the safety steering shaft. The complete safety steering system finally made its debut in the W 123 model series in 1976. Other developments ultimately based on Bar�nyi's work included the recessed windshield wipers in the W 126 model series, and strong roof structures (as in the �Pagoda� car, model series W 113).

The theory of passive safety

B�la Bar�nyi�s contribution to passive safety technology was not limited to practical innovations. He also formulated the technical concepts that still underpin automotive safety engineering today. He initially took up the concepts of �active safety� and �passive safety� as used by Luigi Locati, and extended their scope to include the area of �preventive safety.� Within these general concepts he then addressed specific aspects such as driving safety, psychological safety, external safety and internal safety.

And in 1966, together with Mercedes-Benz development manager Hans Scherenberg, Bar�nyi formulated the distinction between active and passive safety that is still applied today. According to this definition, active safety describes aspects such as driving, psychological and operating safety, i.e. the safe driving behaviors that prevent accidents. The passive safety of a vehicle, subdivided into internal and external safety, denotes measures to protect the vehicle occupants and other road users from the effects of an accident.

Mercedes-Benz is still operating on the basis of Bar�nyi�s theoretical and practical advances. Current solutions combine elements of active and passive safety under the overarching concept of integrated safety, and the PRO-SAFE� safety philosophy is an outstanding result of this ongoing development and enhancement process.

B�la Bar�nyi's life [PART 2]

As his name suggests, B�la Viktor Karl Bar�nyi, born on March 1, 1907 at Hirtenberg near Vienna, was a product of the dual monarchy of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. His parents were Eugen Bar�nyi, a military officer, and his wife Maria, daughter of the industrialist Fridolin Keller. The young B�la was raised in an upper-class home with four siblings. While cars were not widely used for private transport purposes before the First World War, the automobile was part of the young boy�s environment, since his grandfather owned a luxury Austro-Daimler.

But this cosseted existence was destroyed by the First World War. The boy�s father died at the front in 1917, and the years after 1918 saw the collapse of his grandfather�s business empire. This affected the situation of his widowed daughter, B�la�s mother, and all his grandchildren. Before the war the Kellers had been one of the richest families in the Austro-Hungarian Empire, but in 1927 B�la had to seek state support for one of his patents. The Vienna municipal authorities accordingly issued him with a �certificate of indigence�.

The young Bar�nyi became interested in improving the passive safety of motor vehicles at a very early stage. Even though this term did not exist at the time, he recognized the potential hazards from vehicle components, e.g. a pointed steering wheel hub. So on a home-made racing sleigh he fitted a steering wheel with a padded hub, displaying some of the features of the safety steering wheel he would later develop.

Bar�nyi was fascinated by engineering achievements even as a child. This was partly attributable to his grandfather�s factories, but he was also growing up in an age of great enthusiasm for technology. In his adolescent years he decided to turn his hobby into a career, commencing the mechanical engineering course at the Vienna College of Technology in 1924. For his graduation assignment in 1926 he designed a six-cylinder engine developing 50 hp (37 kW) at 3600 rpm. He was awarded a degree with distinction on graduating.

While still a student, Bar�nyi had been working on the concept of a modern automobile with a central tubular frame and air-cooled horizontally-opposed engine. This �people�s car of the future� (�Volkswagen� in German) even featured on the cover of the �Motor-Kritik� magazine in 1934. However, the visionary design, for which he produced the plans between 1925 and 1931, never made it through to the production stage.

After completing his degree, in 1928 Bar�nyi took up a position as designer at Steyr, where he became acquainted with Karl Wilfert, who was the same age. In 1929 Wilfert left to become manager of the body repair department of the Mercedes-Benz branch in Vienna, and in that same year was transferred to the Mercedes-Benz research department at Sindelfingen, as assistant to chief designer Hans Nibel. This contact would prove crucial for Bar�nyi�s career.

After his years at Steyr, the young engineer first worked for �sterreichische Automobil-Fabrik AG (formerly Austro-Fiat), and then, after a brief period of unemployment, moved in 1934 to a position at the Adler plant in Frankfurt am Main. In the same year he was hired by the Technical Progress Society (Gesellschaft f�r technischen Fortschritt, or GETEFO), where, among other assignments, he was part of a team developing a silent block for engine bearings. In October 1935, GETEFO sent their young employee to Paris, where he transferred to the Soci�t� de Progr�s Technique (SOPROTEC) in 1936. It was in Paris that he met his future wife, Maria Kilian, and he also gained his driver�s license at this time, while working on a SOPROTEC contract for Norton, the British motorcycle manufacturer.

The idea for a cell-based vehicle design

In 1937 Bar�nyi moved back to Berlin, where he worked on his idea of a �cell-based� vehicle design, comprising sections that would react differently to mechanical stress: the structure would be rigid in the middle, but plastically deformable at the front and rear. This is already the basis of the car body with safety cell and crumple zone, completely contrary to the standard approach at the time, which aimed for a body of uniform rigidity. He filed a patent for this �motor vehicle with body divided into three sections� as early as January 1937, and additions and further refinements followed over the following years.

But which automobile maker should he approach to implement these visionary new inventions? There was no doubt in Bar�nyi�s mind: he would take the idea to Mercedes-Benz. He applied for a position in Stuttgart in 1938. Initially he was rejected by Daimler-Benz AG, but in 1939 his former colleague Karl Wilfert helped to arrange a meeting with one of the directors, Wilhelm Haspel, subsequently Chairman of the Board of Management.

The 32-year-old engineer confidently presented his visions: �In the cars of the future, the axles, body, frame and steering are going to be different from what they are now,� he told the Mercedes director sitting opposite. As well as being faster, he said, automobiles would above all have to be safer. Wilhelm Haspel was convinced by the unusual ideas of the young lateral thinker, and hired him. He was given his own workshop at Sindelfingen, where he was able to research and build the future of the automobile, largely independently of the development work being conducted for current vehicles. This permanent appointment put him on a secure financial footing, and in 1940 he married Maria Kilian.

From his very first project, it was quite clear that the young engineer�s appointment marked the beginning of the passive safety era at Mercedes-Benz: He developed a new platform frame for the Mercedes-Benz 170 V convertible (model series W 136). The new floor assembly was less subject to vibration than the X-type oval frame then used in series production vehicles, and also provided better protection for the occupants in the event of a lateral impact. The design was patented in 1941, but never went into production.

Terracruiser and Concadoro

The effects of a hip disease in childhood meant that Bar�nyi was never drafted for military service. He did join the NSDAP in Austria as a young man, however, and was therefore dismissed from Daimler-Benz after the war, under the regulations imposed by the Allies. He was initially assigned to a job as a street sweeper, but then worked at home as a self-employed engineer, developing vehicle components, and also toys and household appliances.

In 1948 Bar�nyi actually registered a commercial engineering business, but in October that year he was again employed by Mercedes-Benz, and returned to Sindelfingen. With him he brought two visionary designs, produced mainly in 1945 and 1946: the �Terracruiser� and �Concadoro�. These combined his visions of passive safety with revolutionary new body designs. The six-seater Terracruiser had a very rigid passenger cell in the middle, elastically connected to plastically deformable crash cells at the front and rear, designed to absorb kinetic energy in the event of an accident. This was the first realization of Bar�nyi�s idea of a non-deformable safety cell with crumple zones. Another measure to improve passenger safety was the centrally placed driver�s seat.

The design of the three-seater Concadoro had similar features. The driver was again placed safely in the middle, an idea taken up many years later by Mercedes-Benz in the F 100 research vehicle (1991). The bodywork of the Concadoro was a three-part cell structure, with a pivoting cockpit over the single row of seats. The design already featured a safety steering column with an impact plate, and the windshield wipers retracted into recesses when not in use. The engineering details of this design in particular anticipated development innovations in Mercedes-Benz models many years into the future.

Safety cell and crumple zone in series production

Bar�nyi urged his employers to implement his ideas in production vehicles. Accordingly, the W 120 model (�Ponton�) of 1953 was built with a floor structure offering a high level of protection against lateral impacts. Bar�nyi had finally succeeded in getting his platform frame design into production.

At this time he was also working on developing his visionary ideas into a safety cell for passenger cars to the stage of readiness for serial production. The first step in this process was a patent application for a �motor vehicle, in particular for the transport of persons� filed in 1951 and granted in January 1952. This patent, No. 854157, was for nothing less than a production-ready car body with a rigid passenger cell and crumple zones. The first Mercedes-Benz vehicle with a body based on the patent was the W 111 model series of 1959. Bar�nyi achieved the required variation in plastic characteristics at different points of the body structure mainly through the design of the longitudinal members. Linear members in the middle section the car combined with the panel structures to create a stable safety cell, as opposed to the curved members at the front and rear. In the event of an accident, these curved members would deform, thereby absorbing some of the collision energy and protecting the occupants from the full effect of the impact. And so the Mercedes-Benz �fintail� model becomes the first passenger car with a modern-style safety body.

While he was working on this model, Bar�nyi continued to rise through the ranks within the company. In 1953 he was transferred to the Development department, and in 1955 he was appointed head of the new Advance Development department for the then Daimler-Benz AG. In this role he was again given plenty of freedom to continue working on his passive safety designs for Mercedes-Benz automobiles. He and his team often worked on the basis of the new concept designs developed in the Research department, headed by Rudolf Uhlenhaut.

Safety steering system

The safety body for the W 111 �fintail� car was not his only development contribution to that model series, since the safety steering wheel also made its debut in the vehicle. The combination of these innovations made the �fintail� car a true milestone in the story of passive safety. Another feature was the interior design eliminating all dangerous edges.

The safety steering wheel design, patented in 1954, incorporated a steering wheel with a large impact plate and a steering column with a plastically deformable element between the �impact cup� and the actual steering column. These impact-absorbing components were designed to protect the driver in an accident. Bar�nyi realized that the rigid steering column structures then in use, with a solid hub without any form of cushion or padding, regularly caused severe injuries through the �lance effect.� This situation occurs in a frontal impact, when the steering column is projected towards the driver. The further the steering is placed to the front, the greater is the risk.

Bar�nyi took the first step towards reducing the hazard represented by the steering system as early as 1947, with a steering wheel featuring a deformable �impact absorber,� designed to yield under stress. Then in 1959 he divided the steering column into sections, which was a major advance towards the steering systems in use today. But the designer was not fully convinced by the merits of a telescopic steering shaft on its own. While such a structure might collapse in an ideal frontal impact scenario, it would rapidly lose its flexibility on a lateral impact.

So as an alternative, he invented a �safety steering shaft for motor vehicles,� patented in 1963. This design featured a non-rotatable tubular shaft with low buckling resistance as the link between the steering column components. In the event of an accident, this component was designed to yield in several directions, thereby preventing the projection of the steering column into the passenger compartment like some sort of deadly lance. The complete safety steering system was first used in 1976, in the W 123 model series.

2,500 patents

B�la Bar�nyi received more than 2,500 patents for his inventions, most of which related to automotive innovations and enhancements. It often took several years for his outstanding designs to get to the production stage. For example, he developed a recessed windshield wiper design in 1951, to protect pedestrians from injury in a car accident, but the system only came into use in 1979, in the W 126 S-Class.

On the other hand, the extremely strong, stable roof structure he developed for a test car for the Mercury-Benz W 111 model series (the �fintail�), was implemented without delay, as the hardtop version of the new Mercedes-Benz SL 230 (model series W 113). The characteristic roof combines outstanding strength with attractive esthetics, and led to this Mercedes-Benz sports car becoming known as the �pagoda� model.

Along with his commitment to passive safety, Bar�nyi also developed other pioneering automobile design concepts such as the Mercedes-Benz large touring car camper, and the K 55 compact. As a dedicated camper himself, he planned add-on tent structures for Mercedes-Benz sedan cars, and tested his prototypes on trips as far away as Italy. And since he was also an opera connoisseur, he and his wife took the opportunity to buy a plot of land at Terracina, for use as a private camping site.
Bar�nyi�s inventions from his time at Mercedes-Benz were recognized internationally for the great achievements they were, but during the 1950s he had nothing but problems from the design he produced during his student days. His plan for the �people�s car of the future�, produced at the end of the 1920s, anticipated numerous features that Ferdinand Porsche subsequently introduced in his Volkswagen (or �people�s car�). Yet in 1951, when he sought recognition as the originator of the Volkswagen concept, this claim was repudiated by many publications, and he was even accused of plagiarism! To protect his reputation, Bar�nyi brought a legal action against his detractors. The issue was eventually settled out of court.

Honors received [PART 3]

After his retirement in 1972, and particularly after the death of his wife in 1980, Bar�nyi devoted himself to building up his personal archives. During this time he received numerous awards for his life�s work as the inventor and pioneer of passive safety (and indeed he had already received the Rudolf Diesel medal from the German Inventors� Association in 1967).

In 1981 he was awarded the Aachen and Munich Prize for technology and the applied sciences, and in 1986 the Deutsche Museum in Munich honored him with a special exhibition entitled �Bar�nyi � and his design concept of 1925 for the people�s car [Volkswagen] of the future.� This was followed by another Deutsche Museum exhibition the following year, on the occasion of his 80th birthday, entitled �B�la Bar�nyi, automotive pioneer.� And in 1987 he received the Badge of Honor of the city of Sindelfingen and the freedom of the town of Terracina. His portrait was placed in the Inventors� Gallery at the German Patent Office in Munich, and the Museum of Technology in Vienna devoted several display cases to his achievements � a fitting gesture of recognition from the country of his birth. He was also appointed as an emeritus professor in Austria in 1989, and received the city of Baden�s Culture Prize for outstanding scientific achievements. In 1991 he even became the main character in a Mercedes-Benz publicity film on automotive safety.

The international significance of his developments was highlighted in 1994 by his induction into the Automotive Hall of Fame in Dearborn, USA. This puts him alongside automobile pioneers like Gottlieb Daimler and Karl Benz. B�la Bar�nyi received the Federal German Cross of Merit [Bundesverdienstkreuz] in 1995, and died in B�blingen on May 30, 1997, at the age of 90.

The man who pioneered passive safety is commemorated by plaques in Germany, Austria and Italy, and particularly by the B�la Bar�nyi Prize, introduced in 2005. This prize is awarded by Bosch and the Austrian Vintage Motor Car Association for special achievements in working for the preservation of the automotive heritage.

Copyright � 2008, car-evolutioncars. All rights reserved.